Elmer was born in Smyrna, Kent, Delaware on March 13th, 1864.
He was the son of George Washington Taylor (1836 - 1910), a machinist, and Mary Elizabeth Dady (1841 - 1929), both Delaware natives, and his known siblings were: Gilbert Beebe (1860 - 1939), Evelyn (1862-1942, later Mrs Henry Denney Boyer), Gove Salisbury (b. 1866), Lucy (1868-1908), Frank Jefferson (1870 - 1882), George Dady (1872 - 1916), Mary (1874 - 1875), Nellie Collins (1877 - 1971, later Rowland) and Cyrus (1883 - 1957).
By the time of the 1880 census Elmer had already left school and was, like his father, working as a machinist. He later lived in Philadelphia and was married in 1886 to Juliet Cummings Wright (b. 1862), also a native of Smyrna, and the couple moved to England in the 1890s and were avid globe-trotters, remaining childless.
Known as a pioneer in the paper container industry, Elmer designed and manufactured automatic machinery for moisture-proof paper food containers. He began the manufacture of paper cups in England in 1906 under the name Mono Containers Ltd, which had factories in ten countries and then opened Mono Service Co. in Newark, New Jersey in 1910. His business partner was Fletcher Lambert-Williams.
The Taylors would spend many summers in East Orange, New Jersey and they were heading there from London at the time of the disaster. They boarded the Titanic at Southampton as first class passengers (ticket number 19996 which cost £52) and they occupied cabin C-126; also travelling aboard was Fletcher Williams.
On the night of the sinking, Mr Taylor reported that he was awakened by the impact. He and his wife got up and dressed, leaving their stateroom. On their way to the boat deck, they passed Williams' cabin and knocked on the door; he answered but said he didn't believe it worthwhile to get up. They never saw him again.
Mr and Mrs Taylor were rescued in either Lifeboat 5 or 7. Elmer recalled seeing the Carraú couisins Francisco and José Pedro, describing they "were not joking about the situation and appeared quite alarmed". However, Julian Padron Manent also saw them standing "joking and relaxed" with Ramon Artagaveytia.
He and Juliet resettled in East Orange, New Jersey in 1914 and he was widowed in 1927. He was remarried twice, firstly to Katherine Elizabeth Guthrie (b. 1871 in Cleveland, Ohio) and secondly to Beatrice Swann (b. 1896 in Charlestown, West Virginia).
He sold Mono Service Co. in 1945 to Continental Can Co., Inc., and continued to serve as a consultant engineer. The Titanic disaster did not deter Taylor from sea voyages and he continued to travel well into old age. Just before the outbreak of WWII he made two business trips to Russia. Ships he travelled aboard included: Paris, Bremen, Majestic, Homeric, Mauretania, Queen Elizabeth and several voyages aboard Olympic. He was also a frequent visitor to the Mayfair Hotel in London.
Elmer lived at 67 South Munn Avenue, East Orange. He died on May 20th, 1949 aged 85 and was buried with his first wife in St Peter's Cemetery, Smyrna, Delaware.