|Owner:||White Star Line|
|Operated by:||White Star Line|
|Builder:||Harland and Wolff|
|Ordered:||17th September 1908|
|Laid down:||31st March 1909|
|Launched:||31st May 1911|
|Sea trials:||2nd April 1912|
|Maiden voyage:||10th April 1912|
|Location:||41° 43' 57" N, 49° 56' 49" W.|
|Length:||269.1 metres (882 ft 10 in)|
|Beam:||28 metres (92 ft)|
|Draft:||10.5 metres (34 ft −366.7 in)|
|Height:||53.3 metres (175 ft) keel to top of funnels, 60 feet (18 m) water line to Boat Deck|
|Propulsion:||three propellers: Two three-blade wing propellers and one four-blade centre propeller|
|Speed:||21 knots (cruising)|
|Complement:||2,435 passengers, 892 officers and crew|
|Cost:||approx. £ 1,500,000 ( $ 7,500,000)|
The RMS Titanic contained two reciprocating four cylinder, triple-expansion, inverted steam engines and one low-pressure Parsons turbine. These powered three propellers. There were 25 double-ended and 4 single-ended Scotch-type boilers fired by 159 coal burning furnaces that made possible a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h). Only three of the four 63 feet (19 m) tall funnels were functional; the fourth, which served only as a vent, was added to make the ship look more impressive. Titanic could carry a total of 3,547 passengers and crew and, because she carried mail, her name was given the ship prefix Royal Mail Ship (RMS) as well as SS (Steam Ship).
The Titanic was considered a pinnacle of naval architecture and technological achievement, and was thought by The Shipbuilder magazine to be "practically unsinkable."
Titanic had a double-bottom hull, containing 44 tanks for boiler water and ballast to keep the ship safely balanced at sea (later ships also had a double-walled hull). Titanic exceeded the lifeboat standard, with 20 lifeboats (though not enough for all passengers). Titanic was divided into 16 compartments by doors held up, i.e. in the open position, by electro-magnetic latches which could be closed by a switch on the ship's bridge and by a float system installed on the door itself.
For her time, Titanic was unsurpassed in luxury and opulence. She offered an onboard swimming pool, a gymnasium, a Turkish Bath, libraries for each passenger class, and a squash court. First Class common rooms were adorned with elaborate wood panelling, expensive furniture and other elegant decorations. In addition, the Café Parisien offered superb cuisine for the First Class passengers with a sunlit veranda fitted with trellis decorations.
The ship was technologically advanced for the period. She had an extensive electrical subsystem with steam-powered generators and ship-wide electrical wiring feeding electric lights. She also boasted two wireless Marconi radio sets manned by operators who worked in shifts, allowing constant radio contact and the transmission of many passenger messages.
Even Third Class accommodation and common rooms were considered to be as opulent as those in the First Class sections of many other ships of the day. Titanic had three elevators for the use of first-class passengers and, as an innovation, offered one lift for second-class passengers.
Alternative Theories and Curses for the sinking
- Main article: Titanic myths
Legendary Titanic Band
Some events during the Titanic disaster have had a legendary impact. One of the most famous stories of Titanic is of the band. On 15 April, Titanic's eight-member band, led by Wallace Hartley, had assembled in the first class lounge in an effort to keep passengers calm and upbeat. Later they would move on to the forward half of the boat deck. Band members had played during Sunday worship services the previous morning, and the band continued playing music even when it became apparent the ship was going to sink. None of the band members survived the sinking, and there has been much speculation about what their last song was. Some witnesses said the final song played was the hymn "Nearer, my God, to Thee." However, there are three versions of this song in existence. It is notable however that its most probable the British version was played, (as in the film, A Night To Remember) causing a young Eva Heart to run out of church some months after the sinking, when she recognised the same version of the hymn from that night. Hartley reportedly said to a friend if he was on a sinking ship "Nearer, My God, to Thee" would be one of the songs he would play. Walter Lord's book popularised wireless operator Harold Bride’s account that before the ship sank, he heard the song "Autumn" (a hymn similar to the former but contains the maritime line about "mighty waters"). It is considered Bride either meant the hymn called "Autumn" or "Songe d'Automne," a popular ragtime song of the time. Others claimed they heard "Roll out the Barrel."
Hartley's body was one of those recovered and identified. Considered a hero, his funeral in England was attended by thousands.
- Brander, Roy. The RMS Titanic and its Times: When Accountants Ruled the Waves. Elias P. Kline Memorial Lecture, October 1998 http://www.cuug.ab.ca/~branderr/risk_essay/Kline_lecture.html
- Butler, Daniel Allen. Unsinkable: The Full Story of RMS Titanic. Stackpole Books, 1998, 292 pages
- Eaton, John P. and Haas, Charles A. Titanic: Triumph and Tragedy (2nd ed.). W.W. Norton & Company, 1995 ISBN 0-393-03697-9
- Gardener, R & van der Vat, D The Riddle of the Titanic Orion 1995
- Kentley, Eric. Discover the Titanic Ed. Claire Bampton and Sue Leonard. 1st ed. New York: DK, Inc., 1997. 22. ISBN 0-7894-2020-1
- Lynch, Donald and Marschall, Ken. Titanic: An Illustrated History Hyperion, 1995 ISBN 1-56282-918-1
- Quinn, Paul J. Titanic at Two A.M.: An Illustrated Narrative with Survivor Accounts. Fantail, 1997 ISBN 0-9655209-3-5
- Wade, Wyn Craig, The Titanic: End of a Dream Penguin Books, 1986 ISBN 0-14-016691-2
- US Coast Guard. International Ice Patrol History. Page viewed May 2006. http://www.uscg.mil/LANTAREA/IIP/General/history.shtml
- Pellegrino, Charles R. Her Name, Titanic Avon, 1990 ISBN 0-380-70892-2
- Encyclopedia Titanica, an invaluable source of information concerning the sinking of the Titanic, including over 10000 biographies and articles.
- Titanic-Titanic.com A large reference for all things to do with the RMS Titanic.
- Titanic Historical Society
- A collection of Titanic essays and links to websites.
- Titanic Archive A site which contains well-written texts suitable for students, plus images taken aboard Carpathia and photographs showing recovery of bodies.
- Titanic's Construction Project, an analysis of the project and its impact on the disaster provides many lessons for today's projects.
- RMS Titanic, Inc Corporate information and the official Titanic archive.
- Titanic Home at Atlantic Liners.
- Titanic News Headlines
- Layton, J. Kent. Atlantic Liners: A Trio of Trios
- Halpern, Samuel Somewhere About Twelve Feet
- Titanic - A model ship.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, Titanic
- Titanic A collection of Titanic related articles and news.
- Online Titanic Museum, displaying a large private collection of authentic memorial items as well as items removed from the Titanic prior to its sailing.
- WebTitanic.net An Irish tribute to Titanic.
- Maritimequest RMS Titanic Photo Gallery
- The Unsinkable RMS TITANIC
- PBS Online - Lost Liners
- Titanic.com Large photo collection, especially recent additions not found elsewhere. Young community.
- Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co.'s role in rescue of 700 passengers Interactive presentation by Marconi Corp. plc
- Titanic Facts
- Sinking Titanic and the reasons (systematic analysis of the facts)
- The Incredible Last Journey of Stanley H. Fox by Donovan A. Shilling
- Survivors of the Titanic Disaster
- OlyBlog Anna Sjoblom, Titanic survivor
- The Board of Trade and the Loss of the Titanic
- The Maritime Network's Article On Titanic
- "Titanic" memorial in Washington, D.C. at the Sites of Memory webpage
- Titanic Inverness
- Titanic Research & Modeling Association Excellent source on technical aspects of the ship.